If you're planning to renovate your basement for use as a family room or bedroom, you should consider adding a bathroom to the space as well. You can never have too many bathrooms and having one in a separate part of the house makes it convenient for overnight guest to have their own space. Installing a bathroom in the basement is a little trickier than installing one in an upper level, and you should probably work with a plumber to complete the project. Local codes may prohibit DIY plumbing installation as well. Here is an overview of how a residential plumber installs a bathroom in a basement.
The Main Drain Is Located And Exposed
The first step is to locate the main drain in your home which can usually be done by following the stack that runs into the floor. If the drain is difficult to locate, a plumber may need to use a detection device. Finding the existing drain is important because that saves you from having to install a new one. Once the drain is located, the concrete is busted up in your foundation to expose the drain so you can make connections to it.
The Slope Of The Drain Is Examined
One important thing the plumber will determine is if the existing pipe is sloped properly for drainage of the toilet and sink. If so, installing the new bathroom is an easier process since water and sewage will drain out of the space using gravity. If this isn't possible, then your plumber will need to install a pump that forces water and waste up and out of the basement.
The New Pipes Are Connected
You'll need a plan for installing the new bathroom before the plumbing work begins. You want to coordinate the process of installing the plumbing and vents with the building of the wall frames. The frames may need to be in place before the vents are added. The new pipes are connected to the old ones by cutting into the old pipes. This can be difficult work if the old pipe is cast iron. Even if it is iron, you can choose PVC pipes for the new plumbing and join them together. The sink and toilet are connected so they drain into a main drain that leaves the house. The vents might be connected to the existing vents if possible.
When all the work is complete but before new flooring covers the drains, the project will probably need to be inspected by a city official to make sure it is up to code. You or your plumber will also be required to obtain a permit before work begins so you comply with local regulations and don't create a problem that makes your home difficult to sell in the future.
When was the last time you realized that you had a serious plumbing problem? About a month ago, I knew that I had to make some big changes, so I began talking with different plumbers about getting the job done. I told them that I wanted to replace the bathtub in the bathroom and the sink and faucet in the kitchen, and they took my requests in stride. Before I knew it, my entire home was updated and I felt great about the work. I wanted to start this blog to help other people to learn more about plumbing and repair.